What Is A Bond Repo?

Is a repo a derivative?

No textbooks regard the repurchase agreement (repo) as a derivative instrument.

As such, it should be regarded as a derivative instrument.

In addition, the use of the word repo is often misrepresented, and the mathematics involved in repos is not readily available in the literature..

What is repo rate in simple words?

Repo rate refers to the rate at which commercial banks borrow money by selling their securities to the Central bank of our country i.e Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to maintain liquidity, in case of shortage of funds or due to some statutory measures. It is one of the main tools of RBI to keep inflation under control.

What are repo eligible bonds?

A repurchase agreement (repo) is a form of short-term borrowing for dealers in government securities. In the case of a repo, a dealer sells government securities to investors, usually on an overnight basis, and buys them back the following day at a slightly higher price.

Who uses the repo market?

Traditionally, the principal users of repo on the sellers’ side of the market have been securities market intermediaries (market-makers and other securities dealers in firms called ‘broker-dealers’ or ‘investment banks’) and leveraged and other bond investors seeking funding.

How does Fed repo work?

The Fed uses repurchase agreements, also called “RPs” or “repos”, to make collateralized loans to primary dealers. In a reverse repo or “RRP”, the Fed borrows money from primary dealers. The typical term of these operations is overnight, but the Fed can conduct these operations with terms out to 65 business days.

What are long term repo operations?

Long Term Reverse Repo Operation (LTRO) is a mechanism to facilitate the transmission of monetary policy actions and the flow of credit to the economy. … Funds through LTRO are provided at the repo rate. This means that banks can avail one year and three-year loans at the same interest rate of one day repo.

What is a reverse repo agreement?

A reverse repurchase agreement conducted by the Desk, also called a “reverse repo” or “RRP,” is a transaction in which the Desk sells a security to an eligible counterparty with an agreement to repurchase that same security at a specified price at a specific time in the future.

What is the repo crisis?

The loss of liquidity at the firms that were the biggest players in the securitized banking system … led to the financial crisis. … Repo is a form of banking in which firms and institutional investors “deposit” money, by lending for interest, short term, and receive collateral as a guarantee.

What is the purpose of repo?

The repo market allows financial institutions that own lots of securities (e.g. banks, broker-dealers, hedge funds) to borrow cheaply and allows parties with lots of spare cash (e.g. money market mutual funds) to earn a small return on that cash without much risk, because securities, often U.S. Treasury securities, …

What is term repo?

Under a term repurchase agreement (term repo), a bank will agree to buy securities from a dealer and then resell them back to the dealer a short time later at a pre-specified price.

What is a repo margin?

Repo Margin: the difference between market value of collateral security and the value of the loan.

Why is the repo market in trouble?

WHAT IS THE WORRY OVER REPO? The repo market came under stress in September as demand for funds to settle Treasury purchases and pay corporate taxes overwhelmed loans available. Interest rates in U.S. money markets shot up to as high as 10% for some overnight loans, more than four times the Fed’s rate.

How is a repo haircut calculated?

Haircuts are the repo market’s way of imposing a margin on the collateral seller. Here is a simple example. Suppose a haircut of 2% is applied to a repo trade where the market value of the collateral is $10m. The seller only receives $9.8m from the buyer and the repo interest is calculated on $9.8m.

Who sets the repo rate?

RBIAs stated above, Repo Rate is set by the RBI for lending short term money to banks. Reverse Repo Rate is actually the opposite of Repo Rate. The RBI borrows money at this rate from the banks for the short term. In other words, the banks park their excess funds with the central bank at this rate, often, for one day.

What is repo with example?

In a repo, one party sells an asset (usually fixed-income securities) to another party at one price and commits to repurchase the same or another part of the same asset from the second party at a different price at a future date or (in the case of an open repo) on demand.

What is a haircut in a repo transaction?

A haircut is the difference between the initial market value of an asset and the purchase price paid for that asset at the start of a repo. An initial margin is analogous in function to a haircut.

What does repo a car mean?

Repossession is when an auto lender takes possession of your vehicle, sometimes without warning you in advance or having permission from the court. Vehicle repossession laws vary by state; your vehicle purchase contract should include details about how and when your auto lender can repossess your vehicle.

How do you value a repo?

Cash value paid by the seller of assets to the buyer on the repurchase date: equal to the purchase price plus a return on the use of the cash over the term of the repo. In buy/sell-backs, the repurchase price may be net of coupon or dividend payments made on the assets during the term of the repo (see page 29).